Bitcoin Table of contents expand: 1. What is Bitcoin? 2. Understanding Bitcoin 3. How Bitcoin Works 4. What's a Bitcoin Worth? 5. How Bitcoin Began 6. Who Invented Bitcoin? 7. Before Satoshi 8. Why Is Satoshi Anonymous? 9. The Suspects 10. Can Satoshi's Identity Be Proven? 11. Receiving Bitcoins As Payment 12. Working For Bitcoins 13. Bitcoin From Interest Payments 14. Bitcoins From Gambling 15. Investing in Bitcoins 16. Risks of Bitcoin Investing 17. Bitcoin Regulatory Risk 18. Security Risk of Bitcoins 19. Insurance Risk 20. Risk of Bitcoin Fraud 21. Market Risk 22. Bitcoin's Tax Risk What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is a digital currency created in January 2009. It follows the ideas set out in a white paper by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto, whose true identity is yet to be verified. Bitcoin offers the promise of lower transaction fees than traditional online payment mechanisms and is operated by a decentralized authority, unlike government-issued currencies.
There are no physical bitcoins, only balances kept on a public ledger in the cloud, that – along with all Bitcoin transactions – is verified by a massive amount of computing power. Bitcoins are not issued or backed by any banks or governments, nor are individual bitcoins valuable as a commodity. Despite it not being legal tender, Bitcoin charts high on popularity, and has triggered the launch of other virtual currencies collectively referred to as Altcoins.
Understanding Bitcoin Bitcoin is a type of cryptocurrency: Balances are kept using public and private "keys," which are long strings of numbers and letters linked through the mathematical encryption algorithm that was used to create them. The public key (comparable to a bank account number) serves as the address which is published to the world and to which others may send bitcoins. The private key (comparable to an ATM PIN) is meant to be a guarded secret and only used to authorize Bitcoin transmissions. Style notes: According to the official Bitcoin Foundation, the word "Bitcoin" is capitalized in the context of referring to the entity or concept, whereas "bitcoin" is written in the lower case when referring to a quantity of the currency (e.g. "I traded 20 bitcoin") or the units themselves. The plural form can be either "bitcoin" or "bitcoins."
How Bitcoin Works Bitcoin is one of the first digital currencies to use peer-to-peer technology to facilitate instant payments. The independent individuals and companies who own the governing computing power and participate in the Bitcoin network, also known as "miners," are motivated by rewards (the release of new bitcoin) and transaction fees paid in bitcoin. These miners can be thought of as the decentralized authority enforcing the credibility of the Bitcoin network. New bitcoin is being released to the miners at a fixed, but periodically declining rate, such that the total supply of bitcoins approaches 21 million. One bitcoin is divisible to eight decimal places (100 millionths of one bitcoin), and this smallest unit is referred to as a Satoshi. If necessary, and if the participating miners accept the change, Bitcoin could eventually be made divisible to even more decimal places. Bitcoin mining is the process through which bitcoins are released to come into circulation. Basically, it involves solving a computationally difficult puzzle to discover a new block, which is added to the blockchain and receiving a reward in the form of a few bitcoins. The block reward was 50 new bitcoins in 2009; it decreases every four years. As more and more bitcoins are created, the difficulty of the mining process – that is, the amount of computing power involved – increases. The mining difficulty began at 1.0 with Bitcoin's debut back in 2009; at the end of the year, it was only 1.18. As of February 2019, the mining difficulty is over 6.06 billion. Once, an ordinary desktop computer sufficed for the mining process; now, to combat the difficulty level, miners must use faster hardware like Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC), more advanced processing units like Graphic Processing Units (GPUs), etc.
What's a Bitcoin Worth? In 2017 alone, the price of Bitcoin rose from a little under $1,000 at the beginning of the year to close to $19,000, ending the year more than 1,400% higher. Bitcoin's price is also quite dependent on the size of its mining network since the larger the network is, the more difficult – and thus more costly – it is to produce new bitcoins. As a result, the price of bitcoin has to increase as its cost of production also rises. The Bitcoin mining network's aggregate power has more than tripled over the past twelve months.
How Bitcoin Began
Aug. 18, 2008: The domain name bitcoin.org is registered. Today, at least, this domain is "WhoisGuard Protected," meaning the identity of the person who registered it is not public information.
Oct. 31, 2008: Someone using the name Satoshi Nakamoto makes an announcement on The Cryptography Mailing list at metzdowd.com: "I've been working on a new electronic cash system that's fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party. The paper is available at http://www.bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf." This
link leads to the now-famous white paper published on bitcoin.org entitled "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System." This paper would become the Magna Carta for how Bitcoin operates today.
Jan. 3, 2009: The first Bitcoin block is mined, Block 0. This is also known as the "genesis block" and contains the text: "The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks," perhaps as proof that the block was mined on or after that date, and perhaps also as relevant political commentary.
Jan. 8, 2009: The first version of the Bitcoin software is announced on The Cryptography Mailing list.
Jan. 9, 2009: Block 1 is mined, and Bitcoin mining commences in earnest.
Who Invented Bitcoin?
No one knows. Not conclusively, at any rate. Satoshi Nakamoto is the name associated with the person or group of people who released the original Bitcoin white paper in 2008 and worked on the original Bitcoin software that was released in 2009. The Bitcoin protocol requires users to enter a birthday upon signup, and we know that an individual named Satoshi Nakamoto registered and put down April 5 as a birth date. And that's about it.
Though it is tempting to believe the media's spin that Satoshi Nakamoto is a solitary, quixotic genius who created Bitcoin out of thin air, such innovations do not happen in a vacuum. All major scientific discoveries, no matter how original-seeming, were built on previously existing research. There are precursors to Bitcoin: Adam Back’s Hashcash, invented in 1997, and subsequently Wei Dai’s b-money, Nick Szabo’s bit gold and Hal Finney’s Reusable Proof of Work. The Bitcoin white paper itself cites Hashcash and b-money, as well as various other works spanning several research fields.
Why Is Satoshi Anonymous?
There are two primary motivations for keeping Bitcoin's inventor keeping his or her or their identity secret. One is privacy. As Bitcoin has gained in popularity – becoming something of a worldwide phenomenon – Satoshi Nakamoto would likely garner a lot of attention from the media and from governments.
The other reason is safety. Looking at 2009 alone, 32,489 blocks were mined; at the then-reward rate of 50 BTC per block, the total payout in 2009 was 1,624,500 BTC, which at today’s prices is over $900 million. One may conclude that only Satoshi and perhaps a few other people were mining through 2009 and that they possess a majority of that $900 million worth of BTC. Someone in possession of that much BTC could become a target of criminals, especially since bitcoins are less like stocks and more like cash, where the private keys needed to authorize spending could be printed out and literally kept under a mattress. While it's likely the inventor of Bitcoin would take precautions to make any extortion-induced transfers traceable, remaining anonymous is a good way for Satoshi to limit exposure.
Numerous people have been suggested as possible Satoshi Nakamoto by major media outlets. Oct. 10, 2011, The New Yorker published an article speculating that Nakamoto might be Irish cryptography student Michael Clear or economic sociologist Vili Lehdonvirta. A day later, Fast Company suggested that Nakamoto could be a group of three people – Neal King, Vladimir Oksman and Charles Bry – who together appear on a patent related to secure communications that were filed two months before bitcoin.org was registered. A Vice article published in May 2013 added more suspects to the list, including Gavin Andresen, the Bitcoin project’s lead developer; Jed McCaleb, co-founder of now-defunct Bitcoin exchange Mt. Gox; and famed Japanese mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki.
In December 2013, Techcrunch published an interview with researcher Skye Grey who claimed textual analysis of published writings shows a link between Satoshi and bit-gold creator Nick Szabo. And perhaps most famously, in March 2014, Newsweek ran a cover article claiming that Satoshi is actually an individual named Satoshi Nakamoto – a 64-year-old Japanese-American engineer living in California. The list of suspects is long, and all the individuals deny being Satoshi.
Can Satoshi's Identity Be Proven?
It would seem even early collaborators on the project don’t have verifiable proof of Satoshi’s identity. To reveal conclusively who Satoshi Nakamoto is, a definitive link would need to be made between his/her activity with Bitcoin and his/her identity. That could come in the form of linking the party behind the domain registration of bitcoin.org, email and forum accounts used by Satoshi Nakamoto, or ownership of some portion of the earliest mined bitcoins. Even though the bitcoins Satoshi likely possesses are traceable on the blockchain, it seems he/she has yet to cash them out in a way that reveals his/her identity. If Satoshi were to move his/her bitcoins to an exchange today, this might attract attention, but it seems unlikely that a well-funded and successful exchange would betray a customer's privacy.
Receiving Bitcoins As Payment
Bitcoins can be accepted as a means of payment for products sold or services provided. If you have a brick and mortar store, just display a sign saying “Bitcoin Accepted Here” and many of your customers may well take you up on it; the transactions can be handled with the requisite hardware terminal or wallet address through QR codes and touch screen apps. An online business can easily accept bitcoins by just adding this payment option to the others it offers, like credit cards, PayPal, etc. Online payments will require a Bitcoin merchant tool (an external processor like Coinbase or BitPay).
Working For Bitcoins
Those who are self-employed can get paid for a job in bitcoins. There are several websites/job boards which are dedicated to the digital currency:
Work For Bitcoin brings together work seekers and prospective employers through its websiteCoinality features jobs – freelance, part-time and full-time – that offer payment in bitcoins, as well as Dogecoin and LitecoinJobs4Bitcoins, part of reddit.comBitGigs
Bitcoin From Interest Payments
Another interesting way (literally) to earn bitcoins is by lending them out and being repaid in the currency. Lending can take three forms – direct lending to someone you know; through a website which facilitates peer-to-peer transactions, pairing borrowers and lenders; or depositing bitcoins in a virtual bank that offers a certain interest rate for Bitcoin accounts. Some such sites are Bitbond, BitLendingClub, and BTCjam. Obviously, you should do due diligence on any third-party site.
Bitcoins From Gambling
It’s possible to play at casinos that cater to Bitcoin aficionados, with options like online lotteries, jackpots, spread betting, and other games. Of course, the pros and cons and risks that apply to any sort of gambling and betting endeavors are in force here too.
Investing in Bitcoins
There are many Bitcoin supporters who believe that digital currency is the future. Those who endorse it are of the view that it facilitates a much faster, no-fee payment system for transactions across the globe. Although it is not itself any backed by any government or central bank, bitcoin can be exchanged for traditional currencies; in fact, its exchange rate against the dollar attracts potential investors and traders interested in currency plays. Indeed, one of the primary reasons for the growth of digital currencies like Bitcoin is that they can act as an alternative to national fiat money and traditional commodities like gold.
In March 2014, the IRS stated that all virtual currencies, including bitcoins, would be taxed as property rather than currency. Gains or losses from bitcoins held as capital will be realized as capital gains or losses, while bitcoins held as inventory will incur ordinary gains or losses.
Like any other asset, the principle of buying low and selling high applies to bitcoins. The most popular way of amassing the currency is through buying on a Bitcoin exchange, but there are many other ways to earn and own bitcoins. Here are a few options which Bitcoin enthusiasts can explore.
Risks of Bitcoin Investing
Though Bitcoin was not designed as a normal equity investment (no shares have been issued), some speculative investors were drawn to the digital money after it appreciated rapidly in May 2011 and again in November 2013. Thus, many people purchase bitcoin for its investment value rather than as a medium of exchange.
However, their lack of guaranteed value and digital nature means the purchase and use of bitcoins carries several inherent risks. Many investor alerts have been issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), and other agencies.
The concept of a virtual currency is still novel and, compared to traditional investments, Bitcoin doesn't have much of a long-term track record or history of credibility to back it. With their increasing use, bitcoins are becoming less experimental every day, of course; still, after eight years, they (like all digital currencies) remain in a development phase, still evolving. "It is pretty much the highest-risk, highest-return investment that you can possibly make,” says Barry Silbert, CEO of Digital Currency Group, which builds and invests in Bitcoin and blockchain companies.
Bitcoin Regulatory Risk
Investing money into Bitcoin in any of its many guises is not for the risk-averse. Bitcoins are a rival to government currency and may be used for black market transactions, money laundering, illegal activities or tax evasion. As a result, governments may seek to regulate, restrict or ban the use and sale of bitcoins, and some already have. Others are coming up with various rules. For example, in 2015, the New York State Department of Financial Services finalized regulations that would require companies dealing with the buy, sell, transfer or storage of bitcoins to record the identity of customers, have a compliance officer and maintain capital reserves. The transactions worth $10,000 or more will have to be recorded and reported.
Although more agencies will follow suit, issuing rules and guidelines, the lack of uniform regulations about bitcoins (and other virtual currency) raises questions over their longevity, liquidity, and universality.
Security Risk of Bitcoins
Bitcoin exchanges are entirely digital and, as with any virtual system, are at risk from hackers, malware and operational glitches. If a thief gains access to a Bitcoin owner's computer hard drive and steals his private encryption key, he could transfer the stolen Bitcoins to another account. (Users can prevent this only if bitcoins are stored on a computer which is not connected to the internet, or else by choosing to use a paper wallet – printing out the Bitcoin private keys and addresses, and not keeping them on a computer at all.) Hackers can also target Bitcoin exchanges, gaining access to thousands of accounts and digital wallets where bitcoins are stored. One especially notorious hacking incident took place in 2014, when Mt. Gox, a Bitcoin exchange in Japan, was forced to close down after millions of dollars worth of bitcoins were stolen.
This is particularly problematic once you remember that all Bitcoin transactions are permanent and irreversible. It's like dealing with cash: Any transaction carried out with bitcoins can only be reversed if the person who has received them refunds them. There is no third party or a payment processor, as in the case of a debit or credit card – hence, no source of protection or appeal if there is a problem.
Some investments are insured through the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. Normal bank accounts are insured through the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) up to a certain amount depending on the jurisdiction. Bitcoin exchanges and Bitcoin accounts are not insured by any type of federal or government program.
Risk of Bitcoin Fraud
While Bitcoin uses private key encryption to verify owners and register transactions, fraudsters and scammers may attempt to sell false bitcoins. For instance, in July 2013, the SEC brought legal action against an operator of a Bitcoin-related Ponzi scheme.
Like with any investment, Bitcoin values can fluctuate. Indeed, the value of the currency has seen wild swings in price over its short existence. Subject to high volume buying and selling on exchanges, it has a high sensitivity to “news." According to the CFPB, the price of bitcoins fell by 61% in a single day in 2013, while the one-day price drop in 2014 has been as big as 80%.
If fewer people begin to accept Bitcoin as a currency, these digital units may lose value and could become worthless. There is already plenty of competition, and though Bitcoin has a huge lead over the other 100-odd digital currencies that have sprung up, thanks to its brand recognition and venture capital money, a technological break-through in the form of a better virtual coin is always a threat.
Bitcoin's Tax Risk
As bitcoin is ineligible to be included in any tax-advantaged retirement accounts, there are no good, legal options to shield investments from taxation.
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The satoshi is the smallest unit of the bitcoin cryptocurrency. It is named after Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of the protocol used in block chains and the bitcoin cryptocurrency.
Chartalism Chartalism is a non-mainstream theory of money that emphasizes the impact of government policies and activities on the value of money.
Satoshi Nakamoto The name used by the unknown creator of the protocol used in the bitcoin cryptocurrency. Satoshi Nakamoto is closely-associated with blockchain technology.
Bitcoin Mining, Explained Breaking down everything you need to know about Bitcoin Mining, from Blockchain and Block Rewards to Proof-of-Work and Mining Pools.
Understanding Bitcoin Unlimited Bitcoin Unlimited is a proposed upgrade to Bitcoin Core that allows larger block sizes. The upgrade is designed to improve transaction speed through scale.
A guide to help you understand what blockchain is and how it can be used by industries. You've probably encountered a definition like this: “blockchain is a distributed, decentralized, public ledger." But blockchain is easier to understand than it sounds.
By Satoshi Nakamoto
Read it once, go read other crypto stuff, read it again… keep doing this until the whole document makes sense. It’ll take a while, but you’ll get there. This is the original whitepaper introducing and explaining Bitcoin, and there’s really nothing better out there to understand on the subject.
“What is needed is an electronic payment system based on cryptographic proof instead of trust, allowing any two willing parties to transact directly with each other without the need for a trusted third party
| || |The Lion King submitted by Red-its to worldAds [link] [comments]
is a 2019 American photorealistic computer-animated musical drama film directed and produced by Jon Favreau, with a screenplay written by Jeff Nathanson, and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. It's a photorealistic computer-animated remake of Disney's traditionally animated 1994 film of the same name. The movie stars the voices of Donald Glover, Seth Rogen, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Alfre Woodard, Billy Eichner, John Kani, John Oliver and Beyoncé Knowles-Carter, in addition to James Earl Jones reprising his authentic position as Mufasa.
Plans for a remake of The Lion King
have been confirmed in September 2016 following the success of the studio's The Jungle Book
, additionally directed by Favreau. A lot of the principle forged signed in early 2017 and principal production started in mid-2017 on a blue screen stage in Los Angeles.
The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019. It obtained blended evaluations, with the reward for its visible results and vocal performances, whereas receiving criticism for being extremely spinoff of the unique and the dearth of emoting within the animated lion characters relative to the unique.
Disney’s upcoming movie journeys to the African savanna the place a future king is born. Simba idolizes his father, King Mufasa, and takes to coronary heart his personal royal future. However, not everybody within the kingdom celebrates the brand new cub’s arrival. Scar, Mufasa’s brother—and former inheritor to the throne—has plans of his personal. The battle for Satisfaction Rock is ravaged with betrayal, tragedy and drama, finally leading to Simba’s exile. With an assist from a curious pair of newfound pals, Simba must determine to find out how to develop up and take again what's rightfully his.
Foremost article: List of The Lion King characters
- Donald Glover as Simba: A lion who's the crown prince of the Satisfaction Lands. Glover mentioned that the movie will focus extra on Simba's time rising up than the unique movie did, stating that "[Favreau] was very eager in ensuring we noticed [Simba's] transition from boy to man and the way laborious that maybe when there's been a deep trauma".
- JD McCrary as younger Simba.
- Seth Rogen as Pumbaa: A slow-witted common warthog who befriends and adopts a younger Simba after he runs away from dwelling. Rogen mentioned, "[a]s an actor, I [...] do not suppose I am proper for each position — there are numerous roles I do not suppose I am proper for even in motion pictures I am making — however, Pumbaa was one I knew I may do properly".
- Chiwetel Ejiofor as Scar: The treacherous brother of Mufasa and the uncle of Simba who seeks to take the mantle of king of the Satisfaction Lands. Ejiofor described Scar as extra "psychologically possessed" and "brutalized" than within the authentic movie. Ejiofor mentioned that "particularly with Scar, whether or not it is a vocal high quality that permits for a sure confidence or a sure aggression, to at all times know that on the finish of it you are enjoying someone who has the capability to show everything on its head in a break up second with outrageous acts of violence – that may fully change the temperature of a scene". Ejiofor additionally mentioned that "[Scar and Mufasa's] relationship is totally destroyed and brutalized by Scar's mindset. He is possessed with this illness of his personal ego and his personal need". Favreau mentioned of casting Ejiofor, "[He] is only an incredible actor, who brings us a little bit of the mid-Atlantic cadence and a brand new tackle the character. He brings that feeling of a Shakespearean villain to bear due to his background as an actor. It is great when you have got someone as skilled and seasoned as Chiwetel; he simply breathes such great life into this character.
- Alfre Woodard as Sarabi: The Queen of the Satisfaction Lands, Mufasa's mate, and Simba's mom.
- Billy Eichner as Timon: A wise-cracking meerkat who befriends and adopts a younger Simba after he runs away from dwelling.
- John Kani as Rafiki: A smart mandrill who serves because of the shaman of the Satisfaction Lands and an in-depth buddy of Mufasa's. Likening his position to that of a grandfather, Kani mentioned, "Rafiki reminds all of us of that particular smart relative. His knowledge, humour and his loyalty to the Mufasa dynasty is what warms our hearts in direction of him. [He's] at all times blissful and wisecracking jokes as classes of life and survival.
- John Oliver as Zazu: A red-billed hornbill who's the majordomo to the King of the Satisfaction Lands. Talking of his position, Oliver mentioned, "I believe Zazu is mainly a fowl who likes construction. He simply desires issues to be as they need to be. I believe there are British echoes there as a result of we are inclined to favour construction in lieu of getting an emotional response to something."
- Beyoncé Knowles-Carter as Nala: Simba's childhood greatest buddy and future love curiosity. In accordance with Favreau, the character has a much bigger position than within the authentic movie.Favreau felt that "a part of [Beyoncé joining the film] is that she's bought younger children, a part of it's that it is a story that feels good for this part of her life and her profession, and he or she actually likes the unique very a lot. After which, after all, there are these great musical numbers that she could be concerned with, and my God... she actually lives as much as her fame so far as the fantastic thing about her voice and expertise".
- Shahadi Wright Joseph as younger Nala. Joseph reprises her position from the Broadway production. Joseph selected to work on the movie as a result of "Nala conjures up little ladies [...] She's an excellent position mannequin".
- James Earl Jones as Mufasa: The King of the Satisfaction Lands and the daddy of Simba. Jones reprises his position from the unique 1994 animated movie. In accordance with Favreau, Jones' strains stay principally the identical from the unique movie. Ejiofor mentioned that "the consolation of [Jones reprising his role] goes to be very rewarding in taking [the audience] on this journey once more. It is a once-in-a-generation vocal high quality". Favreau noticed Jones' return as "carrying the legacy throughout" the unique movie and the remake, and felt that his voice's change in tonality in comparison with the unique movie "served the position properly as a result of he feels like a king who's nominated for a very long time".
Florence Kasumba, Keegan-Michael Key, and Eric Andre voice Shenzi, Kamari, and Azizi, three spotted hyenas who're Scar's henchmen. Whereas Shenzi is a personality that was featured within the authentic 1994 animated movie, Kamari and Azizi are the respective renames of Banzai and Ed from the unique movie. The hyenas' characterizations have been closely altered from the unique movie's, as Favreau felt that they "needed to change so much" to suit the remake's reasonable fashion, stating that "[a] lot of the stuff around them [in the original film] was very stylised".Kasumba elaborated, declaring that "These hyenas have been humorous. These hyenas are harmful.
Moreover, Penny Johnson Jerald voices Sarafina, Nala's mom. Amy Sedaris, Chance the Rapper and Josh McCrary voice a guinea fowl, a bush baby, and an elephant shrew, respectively, Timon and Pumbaa's neighbours within the jungle. Phil LaMarr voices an impala, whereas J. Lee voices a hyena.
On September 28, 2016, Walt Disney Pictures confirmed that Jon Favreau can be directing a remake
of the 1994 animated movie The Lion King
, which might characteristic the songs from the 1994 movie, following a string of latest field workplace successes on the opposite Disney live-action remake movies comparable to Maleficent
), Favreau's The Jungle Book
) and Beauty and the Beast
), with the latter three additionally incomes important reward.
#citenote-15) On October 13, 2016, it was reported that Disney had employed Jeff Nathanson to write down the screenplay for the remake,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-16) with the story written by Brenda Chapman, who was the unique movie's head of story.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
In November, speaking with ComingSoon.net
, Favreau mentioned the digital cinematography expertise he utilized in The Jungle Ebook
can be used to a larger diploma in The Lion King
#citenote-18) Though the media reported The Lion King to be a live-action movie, it really makes use of photorealistic computer-generated animation. Disney additionally didn't describe it as live-action, solely stating it could comply with the "technologically groundbreaking" strategy of The Jungle Ebook.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-19) Whereas the movie acts as a remake of the 1994 animated movie, Favreau was impressed by the Broadway adaptation) of the movie for certain points of the remake's plot, notably Nala and Sarabi's roles.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-20) Favreau additionally aimed to develop his personal tackle the unique movie's story with what he mentioned was "the spectacle of a BBC wildlife documentary".[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
This serves as the ultimate credit score for movie editor Mark Livolsi
, who died in September 2018.
#citenote-22) The movie is devoted to him.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
In mid-February 2017, Donald Glover
was forged as Simba
, with James Earl Jones
reprising his position as Mufasa
from the 1994 movie.
#citenote-23) In April 2017, Billy Eichner and Seth Rogen have been forged to play Timon and Pumbaa respectively.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-24) In July 2017, John Oliver was forged as Zazu.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-OliverCast-25) In August 2017, Alfre Woodard and John Kani have been introduced to play Sarabi and Rafiki), respectively.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
Earlier in March 2017, it was introduced that Beyoncé
was Favreau's best choice for the position of Nala
) and that the director and studio can be keen to do no matter it took to accommodate her busy schedule.
#citenote-28) In a while November 1, 2017, her position was confirmed in an official announcement,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-30) which additionally confirmed that Chiwetel Ejiofor would play the position of Scar), and introduced that Eric Andre, Florence Kasumba, and Keegan-Michael Key would be the voices of Azizi, Shenzi and Kamari whereas JD McCrary and Shahadi Wright Joseph would be the voices of younger Simba and younger Nala, respectively.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-35) In November 2018, Amy Sedaris was introduced as having been forged in a task created for the movie.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
The Moving Picture Company
, the lead vendor on The Jungle Ebook
, will present the visible results and so they'll be supervised by Robert Legato
, Elliot Newman and Adam Valdez
#citenote-37) The movie will make the most of "virtual-reality instruments", per Visible Results Supervisor Rob Legato.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-LionKingD23-38) Digital Manufacturing Supervisor Girish Balakrishnan mentioned on his skilled web site that the filmmakers used motion capture and VR/applied sciences,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-:1-39) with the manufacturing crew combining VR expertise with cameras so as to movie the remake in a VR-simulated environment.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21) Sean Bailey
, Disney's President of Manufacturing, referred to as the movie's visible results "a brand new type of filmmaking", and felt that "Historic definitions do not work", stating that "[it] makes use of some methods that will historically be referred to as animation, and different methods that will historically be referred to as live-action. It's an evolution of the expertise Jon [Favreau] utilized in Jungle Ebook
Foremost article: The Lion King (2019 soundtrack)
) Hans Zimmer
, who composed the 1994 animated model, would return to compose the rating for the remake.
#citenote-41) Elton John additionally returned to transform his musical compositions from the unique movie earlier than his retirement,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-42) with Beyoncé aiding John within the remodelling of the soundtrack.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-43) John, the unique movie's lyricist, Tim Rice, and Beyoncé additionally created a brand new track for the movie,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-44) titled "Spirit)" and carried out by Beyoncé, which was launched on July 9, 2019, because of the lead single from the soundtrack.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-TheGift-45) John and Rice additionally wrote a brand new track for the movie's finish credit, titled "By no means Too Late" and carried out by John.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46) The movie additionally options all of the songs from the unique movie, a canopy of The Token's "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and the track "He Lives in You" from Rhythm of the Satisfaction Lands and the Broadway manufacturing.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)The soundtrack, that includes Zimmer's rating and John and Rice's songs, was launched digitally on July 11, 2019, and will likely be bodily on July 19, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
Beyoncé additionally produced and curated an album titled The Lion King: The Gift
, which can characteristic "Spirit", in addition to songs impressed by the movie. The album is about to be launched on July 19, 2019.
The primary teaser trailer and the official teaser poster for The Lion King
debuted throughout the annual Dallas Cowboys' Thanksgiving day came on
November 22, 2018.
(2019film)#cite_note-VarietyTeaser-48) The trailer was seen 224.6 million occasions in its first 24 hours, turning into the then 2nd most viewed trailer in that time period.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-TrailerViews-49) A particular sneak peek that includes John Kani's voice as Rafiki) and a brand new poster have been launched in the course of the 91st Academy Awards on February 24, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-50) On April 10, 2019, Disney launched the official trailer that includes new footage which revealed Scar), Zazu, Simba and Nala) (each as cubs and as adults), Sarabi, Rafiki), Timon and Pumbaa and the hyenas.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-51) The trailer was seen 174 million occasions in its first 24 hours, which was revealed on Disney's Investor Day 2019 Webcast.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-52) On Could 30, 2019, 11 particular person character posters have been launched.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-53) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé, Billy Eichner, and Seth Rogen's voices as Nala), Timon, and Puma respectively, was launched on June 3, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-54) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé and Donald Glover's voices as Simba and Nana singing) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" and in addition that includes James Earl Jones' voice as Mufasa, was launched on June 20, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-55) On July 2, 2019, Disney launched an intensive behind-the-scenes featurette detailing the varied points of the movie's manufacturing together with seven publicity stills that include the voice actors going through their animal counterparts.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
The trailers of the movie led to a declaration of its being a shot-for-shot
remake of Disney's 1994 movie. On December 23, 2018, Sean Bailey
, Disney's President of Manufacturing, mentioned that whereas the movie will "revere and love these elements that the viewers desires", there will likely be "issues within the film which might be going to be new".
#citenote-ScreenRant-40) On April 18, 2019, Favreau acknowledged that "some photographs within the 1994 animated movie are so iconic" he could not presumably change them, however "regardless of what the trailers counsel, this movie isn't just the identical film over once more",[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-57) and later mentioned "it is for much longer than the unique movie. And a part of what we're doing right here is to (give it extra dimension) not simply visually however each story smart and emotionally."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-58) On Could 30, 2019, Favreau mentioned that a number of the humour and characterizations are being altered to be extra according to the remainder of the movie,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-59) and this remake is making some adjustments in sure scenes from the unique movie, in addition to in its construction.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)On June 14, 2019, Favreau mentioned that, whereas the unique movie's fundamental plot factors will stay unchanged within the remake, the movie will largely diverge from the unique model, and hinted that the Elephant Graveyard, the hyenas' lair within the authentic movie, will likely be changed by a brand new location.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-DirectorHyenas-13) On July 5, 2019, the movie was revealed to have a 118 minutes period, making it roughly 30 minutes longer than the unique movie.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
Launch The Lion King
premiered in Hollywood
on July 9, 2019.
#citenote-61) The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-62) It will likely be one of many first theatrical movies to be launched on Disney+, alongside Aladdin), Toy Story 4, Frozen 2, Captain Marvel), and Avengers: Endgame.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
The movie started its worldwide rollout per week earlier than its home launch, beginning with July 12 in China.
Starting on June 24, 2019 (which marked the 25th anniversary of the discharge of the unique movie), in its first 24 hours of pre-sales, The Lion King
grew to become the second-best pre-seller of 2019 on Fandango
) in that body (behind Avengers: Endgame
), whereas Atom Tickets reported it gave their best-ever first-day gross sales for a household movie.
#citenote-Presales_record-65) Three weeks previous to its launch, business monitoring projected the movie would gross $150–170 million in its home opening weekend.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
In China, the place it launched per week previous to the U.S., the movie was projected to debut to $50–60 million.
#citenote-ChinaPreview-64) It ended up opening to $54.7 million, beating the debuts of The Jungle Ebook and Magnificence and the Beast.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
On review aggregator
web site Rotten Tomatoes
, the movie holds an approval ranking of 59% based mostly on 123 evaluations, and an average rating
of 6.45/10. The web site's important consensus reads, "Although it may take satisfaction in its visible achievements, this reimagined The Lion King
is a by the numbers retelling that lacks the power and coronary heart that made the unique so beloved – although for some followers that will simply be sufficient."
#citenote-69) Metacritic gave the movie a weighted common rating of 57 out of 100 based mostly on 38 critics, indicating "blended or common evaluations".[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
_______________________________________________________________ Kenneth Turan
on the Los Angeles Times
referred to like the movie "polished, satisfying leisure."
#citenote-71) Todd McCarthy at The Hollywood Reporter thought-about it to be inferior to the unique, noting, "The movie's aesthetic warning and predictability start to put on down on your entire enterprise within the second half."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-72) At The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw discovered the movie "watchable and pleasing. However, I missed the simplicity and vividness of the unique hand-drawn pictures."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
A. A. Dowd, writing for The A.V. Club
, summarized the movie as "Joyless, artless, and perhaps soulless, it transforms some of the putting titles from the Mouse Home vault into a really costly, star-studded Disneynature
movie." Dowd bemoaned the movie's insistence on realism, commenting, "We're watching a hole bastardization of a blockbuster, without delay fully reliant on the viewers' pre-established affection for its predecessor and unusually decided to jettison a lot of what made it particular."
#citenote-74) Scott Mendelson at Forces condemned the movie as a "crushing disappointment": "At nearly each flip, this redo undercuts its personal melodrama by downplaying its personal feelings."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
(2019film)#cite_note-75) David Ehrlich of IndieWire panned the movie, writing, "Unfolding just like the world's longest and least convincing deep fake, Jon Favreau's (nearly) photorealistic remake of The Lion King is supposed to characterize the following step in Disney's circle of life. As an alternative, this soulless chimera of a movie comes off as little greater than a glorified tech demo from a grasping conglomerate — a well-rendered however creatively bankrupt self-portrait of a film studio consuming its personal tail."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King
Hey guys! I found a super cool list of everything a new forex trader would need to get started! Originally made by to nate1357
. Link to original thread http://redd.it/328cjr Free Resources Education: www.babypips.com/school www.informedtrades.com/f7 www.forex4noobs.com/forex-education www.en.tradimo.com/learn/forex-trading www.youtube.com/useTheTradeitsimple www.traderscalm.com www.orderflowtrading.com/LearnOrderFlow.aspx www.profitube.com Calendars: www.forexfactory.com/calendar.php www.dailyfx.com/calendar www.fxstreet.com/economic-calendar www.forexlive.com/EconomicCalendar www.myfxbook.com/forex-economic-calendar www.investing.com/economic-calendar Free News Websites: www.forexlive.com
- Daily live news, analysis and resources www.financemagnates.com
- FX industry news and updates www.fxstreet.com
- Daily news, analysis and resources www.forextell.com www.forexcup.com/news www.bloomberg.com/markets Forums: www.reddit.com/forex www.forums.babypips.com/ www.forexfactory.com/forum.php www.elitetrader.com/et/index.php www.forex-tsd.com/ www.fxgears.com/forum/index.php www.trade2win.com/boards Margin / pip / position size calculators www.myfxbook.com/forex-calculators
There are many factors to consider when choosing a brokerage. Regulations typically force US traders to only trade at US brokerages, while international traders have more choice. After considering location you need to consider how much capital you will start trading with as many have minimum deposit levels. Once you’ve narrowed that down you can compared spreads and execution. ECN brokers execute your orders straight through to their liquidity providers, while market maker brokers may pair up your trades with other clients. Market maker brokers typically will partially hedge your positions on the interbank market. Many consider this to be a conflict of interest and prefer to trade at an ECN broker who would have an active motive to see you succeed. Lastly, brokers run inherently risky business models so it is important to consider the risk of bankruptcy. www.forexpeacearmy.com
- Aggregates broker reviews. Be warned though that people only seem to make bad reviews. www.myfxbook.com/forex-broker-spreads
- Live comparison of executable spreads
United States & International-
- ECN. Used most by professional traders. Difficult platform for beginners
- Tight spreads
- Minimum deposit $10000 (or $3,000 if under 25yo) * Well diversified -Oanda
- Market maker. Second largest retail FX brokerage in the US. Easy platform for beginners.
- Fair spreads
- No minimum deposit
- Not well diversified, but well capitalized -Gain Capital (whitelabel forex.com) *Market Maker *Fair spreads *Minimum deposit $250 *Well diversified -FXCM Inc
- ECN. Largest retail FX brokerage in the US
- Tight spreads
- Minimum deposit $2000
- Not well diversified. CAUTION: FXCM nearly went bankrupt in Jan-2015 due to a lack of diversification and low capitalisation. As a result FXCM LLC was bailed out with a large loan which may prove difficult to pay back. Be warned that their business may not be sustainable in the long term. -MBTrading
- ECN. Mid-sized retail FX brokerage
- Fair spreads
- Minimum deposit $400
- Well diversified.
-LMAX (whitelabel DarwinEx)
*DMA broker based in the UK. Note that as a DMA broker LMAX eliminates the ability for LPs to last-look transactions. This may result in reduced liquidity during volatile times as liquidity providers would be likely not to risk posting liquidity to LMAX's pool. *Tight spreads *Minimum deposit $10,000 *Fairly well diversified
*ECN based in Switzerland, but available elsewhere depending on local regulations.
*Tight spreads *Minimum deposit $100 *Fairly well diversified
-IC Markets *ECN based in Australia *Fair spreads on standard account, tight spreads on professional accounts. *Minimum deposit $200 *Fairly well diversified
*ECN broker based in Australia. *Fair spreads on standard account, tight spreads on professional accounts. *Minimum deposit $200 *Not well diversified
Software / Apps:
- Apps are typically broker dependent. Some brokers have their own proprietary software, while others lease common software like Metatrader or NinjaTrader. Some software has a large development community for indicators and EAs.
- https://www.tradingview.com/ - Great for HTML5 browser based charting and alerts
- Common terms and acronyms
FAQ: I need to exchange money, how do I do it?
This isn’t what this sub is for. Your best bet is using your bank or an online exchange service. Be prepared to pay a hefty fee. I have money in one currency and need to exchange it into another sometime in the future, should I wait?
Don’t ask us this. We speculate intraday in FX and shouldn’t be relied on to tell you what’s best for you. Exchange the money when you need it. I have an FX account, should I start trading demo or live?
This is highly debatable. You should definitely demo trade until you have mastered how to use the trading platform on desktop and mobile. After that it’s up to you. Many think that the psychology of trading live vs demo trading is massively different. So it may pay to learn to trade live. Just be warned that most FX traders lose almost their entire first account so start with a low affordable balance. What’s money management?
Money management is a form of risk management and is arguably the most important aspect of your trading when it comes to long term survival. You should always enter trades with a stop loss - the distance of the stop allows you to calculate how large of a percent of your account balance will be lost if your trade stops out. You can run a monte carlo simulation to figure out the risk of having a number of trades go against you in a row to drain your account. The general rule is that you should only risk losing 1-4% of your account per trade entered.
More on this here: www.investopedia.com/articles/forex/06/fxmoneymgmt.asp www.swing-trade-stocks.com/money-management.html What about automated trading?
Retail FX traders have been known to program “Expert Advisors” (EAs) to automate trading. It’s generally advisable to stay away from that until you’re very experienced. Never buy an EA from a developer because the vast majority of them are scams. What indicators are best?
That’s up to you to test and find out. Many in this forum dislike oscillating indicators since they fail to capture the essence of what moves price. With experience you will discover what works best for you. In my experience indicators that are most popular with professional traders are those that provide trading “levels” such as pivot points, fibonacci, moving averages, trendlines, etc. What timeframe should I trade?
Price action can vary in different timeframes. In longer term timeframes the price action and fundamentals are much more clear. Unfortunately it would take a very long time to figure out whether or not what you’re doing is successful on longer timeframes. In shorter timeframes you can often tell very quickly if what you’re doing is profitable. Unfortunately there’s a lot more “noise” on these levels which can prove deceptive for those trying to learn. Therefore the best bet is to use a multi-timeframe analysis, working from top-down to come up with trades. Should I trade using fundamental analysis (FA) of technical analysis (TA)?
This is a long standing argument in these forums and elsewhere. I’ll settle it here - you should have an understanding of both. Yes there are traders who blindly ignore one of the other but a truly well rounded trader should understand and implement both into the analysis. The market is driven in the longer term through FA. But TA is necessary to give traders a place to enter and exit trades from a psychological risk/reward standpoint. I’ve heard trading Binary Options is an easy way to make money?
The general advice is to stay away from binaries. The structure of binary options is so that when you lose the broker wins. This incentive has created a very scammy industry where there are few legitimate binary options brokers. In addition in order to be profitable in binaries you have to win 55-65% of the time. That’s a much higher premium over spot FX. Am I actually exchanging currencies?
Yes and no. Your broker handles spot FX is currency pairs. Although they make an exchange at the settlement date they treat your position in your account as a virtual currency pair. Think of it like a contract where you can only buy or sell it as a pair. In this sense you are always long one currency while short another. You are merely speculating that one currency will appreciate or depreciate vs another. Why didn't my order fill?
Even if price appears to cross over a line on your chart it does not guarantee a fill. Different charting platforms chart different prices - some chart the bid price, some the ask price and some the midpoint price. To fill a limit order price needs to cross your limit's price plus the spread at the time that it is crossing. If it does not equal or exceed the spread then it will not fill. Be wary that in general spreads are not fixed. So what may fill at one time may not at another.
The best news aggregator websites or apps share all top trending news and news portal articles in one place, making it possible for you to read your customized stories on any device. Moreover, content aggregators sites and apps are really useful for users to gather only content related to their favorite subjects. The news aggregator is the perfect tool for catching up on the latest trending ... Last updated on June 3rd, 2020. The Best Forex Websites. It’s our goal at NetPicks to provide you readers with the best information on day trading and forex you can get.. NetPicks is the leader in day trading education systems and strategies, and an outstanding resource for quality articles, webinars, videos, and more.. But we want to make sure that you know where you can find even more news ... Flipboard is a popular news aggregator known for its lovely magazine-style layout. Available via web browsers or on iOS and Android, it takes content from news sources and social media, presents it as a personalized digital magazine, and lets users "flip" through it; users can select a variety of interesting topics. Flipboard claims to offer a "curated experience with a plurality of voices ... Forex aggregators provide software solution for liquidity aggregation from various sources within a single view. The aggregators support various combination of order types, currencies and tiered pricing. Forex brokers nowadays seem very interested in acquiring the services of Forex aggregators in order to satisfy the needs for lightning fast execution and effective order routing as per ... Bloomberg Forex News: Bloomberg, a world leader in market data and financial news services, has a dedicated section on its popular web portal for forex news. This section not only covers the forex ... News; Trading. Education. How to Trade Forex; Trading Quizzes; Forex Glossary; Forums ; Calendar; Tools; MarketMilk™ Sign In Join; View Menu. Sign In / Join; Home; News; Trading. Trade Ideas; Technical Analysis; Psychology; Trading Systems; Education. How to Trade Forex; Forex Glossary; Trading Quizzes; Forums. Beginner Questions; Trading Systems; Calendar. Economic Calendar; Tools. Pivot As a subscriber, you get around the clock news on macro economics, breaking news globally, forex trends and block trades, Federal Reserve speakers and much more. You will hear of any breaking news in real time, so you can either take a new trader or close a current one. In addition, you also receive access to morning, mid-day, evening, Asian and European market summaries and a list of upcoming ...
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